What is Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel?
Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel is a qualitative multiplex PCR-based test to detect and differentiate 9 species/groups of bacteria, 4 parasites and 5 viruses that can all cause gastroenteritis in humans.
- Gastrointestinal disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially among young children and immunocompromised patients
- According to WHO, globally, there are nearly 1.7 billion cases of childhood diarrhoeal disease each year and it kills around 525,000 children under five every year
- Gastroenteritis is a common condition that affects the gut. It refers to the inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract that includes the stomach and the intestines
Why do you need this test?
- The conventional tests includes stool culture, microscopy for ova and parasite, ELISA and rapid lateral flow test that can only test one to a few bacterial pathogens per test and takes anywhere between 30 mins to 3 days
- Whereas Multiplex Real time PCR (Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel) can test multiple pathogen & virluence genes per test in less than 5 hours
- Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) for enteric pathogens allow for the syndromic testing of stool for multiple pathogens simultaneously. It is rapid and accurate method
|Methods||Tests for||Turnaround Time|
|Stool Culture||One to a few bacterial pathogens per test||2-3 days|
|Microscopy for Ova and Parasite||Only Parasitic pathogens||Multiple specimens to be collected for several days for final diagnosis|
|ELISA (Antigen & Antibody test)||Single pathogen per test||6-24 hours|
|Rapid lateral flow test||Single pathogen per test||20-30 mins|
|Single Plex PCR||Single pathogen per test||NA|
|Multiplex Real time PCR||Multiple pathogen & virulence genes per test||Less than 2 days|
|Campylobacter spp||Entamoeba histolytica||Norovirus (GI/GII/GIV)|
|Salmonella spp.||Giardia lamblia||Rotavirus (A)|
|Yersinia enterocolitica||Cryptosporidium spp.||Adenovirus (40/41)|
|Clostridium difficile toxin A||Dientamoeba fragilis||Astrovirus|
|Clostridium difficile toxin B||Sapovirus (GI/GII/GIV/GV)|
|Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC), stx1/stx2|
|Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), eae|
|Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), elt/est|
|Shigella/enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC), ipaH|
- Detects 18 different pathogens in a single tube unlike Seegene Allplex™ Gastrointestinal Panel Assays which have separate panels for bacteria, virus and parasite.
- Fresh or frozen stool specimens can be used, wherein pre-treatment of stool is optional and transport media is not required.
- Extensively validated with potentially cross-reactive pathogens.
- Internal validation at MedGenome demonstrated 100% sensitivity and specificity.
- Robust identification of co-infections which is very common in gastrointestinal pathogens.
Who needs to get tested?
- Diarrhoea with fever, severe abdominal cramps, or signs of sepsis
- Moderate to severe disease
- High risk of spreading disease to others and during known or suspected outbreaks
- Presenting with Dysentery
- Symptoms lasting more than seven days
- Immunocompromised patients with diarrhoea
MedGenome offers the most comprehensive and advanced genetic and molecular tests for infectious diseases. Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel is a qualitative multiplex PCR-based test to detect and differentiate within 2 ½ hours 9 species/groups of bacteria, 4 parasites and 5 viruses that can all cause gastroenteritis in humans (table 2). It is a CE-IVD real-time PCR-based assay.
|MedGenome Offers||Test Code||Test Sample requirements||TAT|
|Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel||MGM1728||Stool|
2 Working days
Post sample receipt
at the lab
- Collect stool (pea sized or 2ml of unformed stool) in sterile wide mouth container.
- Avoid contaminating the stool with urine and water.
- If not processed immediately, the specimens should be stored at 4 °C and transported at the same temperature.
- If specimens cannot be processed within 48 hours, they should be kept frozen at or below -20°C, preferably -70°C then transported at the same temperature.