Genetic counseling

What is Genetic Counseling and why is it important?

Genetic counseling is an informative discussion that involves educating patients and their families about the occurrence or recurrence of a genetic disorder in the family. Genetic counselors are experts in medical genetics and counseling. They have in-depth knowledge on various appropriate tests available and are experienced in providing unbiased, ethical, and accurate information in a simple and precise manner. They act like an extended arm for clinicians and doctors.

The genetic counselor explains the following to consumers:

  • Genetic basis of their clinical disorder, the inheritance pattern, and the recurrence risk
  • Availability of various tests
  • Appropriate course of action in view of their risk, family goals, ethical, and religious standards
  • Social and psychological support

When should you recommend Genetic Counseling to your patients?

Here are the situations when medical experts/doctors/clinicians may recommend their patients/families to visit a genetic counselor:
  • Family history of a genetic condition or birth defect
  • A couple in a consanguineous marriage
  • Women who are pregnant or planning a pregnancy at the age of 35 years or above
  • General concern of to-be parents about the genetic health of their baby
  • Bad obstetric history or multiple miscarriages
  • Death of a child due to a genetic condition
  • Antenatal ultrasound or pregnancy screening tests indicating a possible risk
  • Family history of cancer, or a young age of onset of cancer

MedGenome Genetic Counseling

An information, education, and service hub for both patients and doctors.


MedGenome Genetic Counselling MedGenome Genetic Counselling

Focus Areas

  • Carrier Screening Test (premarital or pre conceptional)
  • IVF – Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT-A; PGT-SR; PGT-M)
  • Non-invasive Prenatal Screening Test (NIPT)
  • Prenatal Genetic Counseling

  • Neurology
  • Cardiology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Nephrology
  • Others

  • Risk Assessment
  • Extended Family Member Testing
  • Companion Diagnostics
  • Theranostics

  • Multidrug resistant TB (MDR TB)

  • KardioGen – Genetic Risk for Heart Condition
  • CureGen – Drug Effectiveness

What does the process of Genetic Counseling involve?

The expert Genetic Counseling team of MedGenome provides extensive pre-test and post-test counseling as explained below:

Counseling session

  • Evaluates the family history and all relevant medical records
  • Helps the family understand the genetic condition
  • Explores the options available for Genetic Testing, its reliability, and limitations
  • Discusses the risks and benefits of Genetic Testing
  • Considers the inheritance pattern and risk of recurrence
  • Declares the possible uncertainties due to present lack of knowledge
  • Discusses reproductive options

Counseling session

  • Interprets the test results
  • Discusses the need for further testing
  • Explains inheritance pattern and risk of recurrence depending on the results and final diagnosis
  • Discusses the available management and prevention options
  • Addresses emotional and social concerns
  • Discusses the implications of the report to the individual and the family
  • Refers to other resources or support groups for help

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